Founded in the 8th Century by the Chieftain Suraj Sen. Gwalior was named by him after the hermit saint Gwalipa who had cured him of a deadly disease. A succession of Pratiharas, Kachwahas and Tomars have left a legacy of wonderful places, temples and monuments. The town is defined by the spectacular Gwalior Fort, a brilliant specimen of medival architecture. Some notable structure within the fort include Raja Mansingh’s Palace, Teli Ka Mandir, Sas Bahu ka Mandir, and the Gujari Mahal Museum, as well as the atmospheric Sound and Light show in the evening.
Built by Raja Man Singh, the fort stands on a steep mass of sandstone 100 m above town, 2.4 km long and 200-820 m wide. The walls which encircle almost the entire hill top are 10 m high.Beneath them the hill is steepened to make it virtually unscaleable. This formidable structure had the reputation of being one of the most invincible forts of India.
This 15 century palace was built by Raja Man Singh for his Gujar queen Mrignayni. The outer structure of Gujari Mahal is well preserved while the interior contains the Archaeological Museum.
he Palace was built by Raja Man Singh during 1486-1517. The east face of the palace with its six towers topped by domed cupolas stands over the fort entrance path. The tiles that once adorned its exterior has not survived but at the entrance ,traces of these still remain. The blue, green and yellow tile work had painted decoration of elephant,human figure ,duck, parrot, banana, plant and flower. There is a charming frieze here of ducks paddling in turquoise waters. Within the palace stands vast chambers with fine stone screens which were once the music hall and behind these screens the royal ladies learn music from the great masters of the day.
The original pond where Suraj Sen was cured of Leprosy by the saint Gwalipa.
A lofty structure of about 100 feet, Teli Ka Mandir in Gwalior Fort distinguishes itself from the other compositions of its time because of its unique architecture. Though the roof of the temple holds a Dravidian look, the sculptures are typically north Indian.
A 9th-century shrine, Saas-Bahu temple in the fort allures not only the devotees but also the tourists with its artistic value. Despite what its name may suggest, these temples are not dedicated to Sas (mother-in-law) and Bahu (daughter-in-law) but rather the short form of Shashtra Bahu, another name of Lord Vishnu. These temples situated adjacent to each other and the larger one is elaborately decorated with beautiful carvings and sculptures. The roof of the larger temple is adorned with a marvelous lotus carving which is very fascinating. These ancient temples display exceptional architectural brilliance and are a perfect destination for pious people.
Jai Vilas Mahal is the residential palace turned museum of the Maratha rulers of Gwalior - the Scindias. It is in the heart of the city. The palace has notable collections of antiques and also some of the old time gadgets and collections that can't be easily seen.The museum is one of the largest in Madhya Pradesh and has the world's largest chandelier and the complex is a mixture of British as well as Hindu architecture. The palace was made in 1874 as an attempt to bring the palace of Versailles to Gwalior and the Jai Vilas Palace was a successful attempt.
Gwalior is the birthplace of the famous musician Tansen. He was one of the "Nine Gems of Akbar".
Tomb of Rani Lakshmibai, a famous freedom fighter, at Phoolbag area. It is here where the great warrior queen of Jhansi died in 1858 fighting against the British. It is also her burial place.
July to March